The Mahabharat Chronology

By Dr.K.N.S. Patnaik


The present European calendar came into vogue around 7 A.D. India, since ancient times, has been following the lunar calendar. The Western calendar has undergone many variations and adjustments from time to time e.g., at one stage the first six months had 31 days each while the last six months were 30 days each.

Uptil the Mahabharat War the world had a single, unitary administration under Vedic sovereigns, which reckoned the day from sunrise to sunrise centering on India. Consequently, other regions of the world stuck to the Indian time schedule. Thus for instance, when the sun rose in India at around 5.30 am it used to be midnight hour in Britain. Therefore the Vedic administration in Britain calculated its date from midnight to midnight.

When in the course of time the world became divided into regional states resulting in mutual strife. The British ruled India for about 200 years uptil 1947 A.D. The midnight to midnight reckoning under British rule, emanated originally from the Indian sunrise time. Modern calculations based on that midnight time often result in a error of one or two years in timing.

Before proceeding to analyze the Mahabharat chronology let us first familiarize ourselves with the Vedic lunar calendar. In its cycle of 60 years, the names of successive years are :

1. Prabhava 2. Vibhava 3. Sukla 4. Pramoodotha
5. Pajothpatthi 6. Agnirasa 7. Srimukha 8. Bhava
9. Yuva 10. Dhata 11. Eswara 12. Bahudhanya
13. Pramadi 14. Vikrama 15. Vishu 16. Chitrabhanu
17. Swabhanu 18. Tharana 19. Parthiva 20. Vyaya
21. Sarvajittu 22. Sarvadhari 23. Virodhi 24. Vikriti
22. Khara 26. Nandana 27. Vijaya 28. Jaya
29. Manmatha 30. Durmukhi 31. Havilambi 32. Vilhambi
33. Vikari 34. Sarvari 35. Plava 36. Shubhakritu
37. Sobhakruthu 38. Krodhi 39. Vishwavasu 40. Paridhavi
41. Plavanga 42. Keelaka 43. Sowmya 44. Sadharana
45. Voridhikrutu 46. Paridhavi 47. Pramadicha 48. Ananda
49. Rakshasa 50. Nala 51. Pingala 52. Kalayukti
53. Siddharthi 54. Roudri 55. Durmati 56. Dundubhi
57 Rudhirodgari 58. Rathakshi 59. Krodhana 60. Akshaya

Months :

1. Chaitra 2. Vaishakha 3. Jyeshta 4. Aashadha 5. Shravana 6. Bhadrapada
7. Ashwin 8. Kartika 9. Margasheersha 10. Pausha 11. Maagha 12. Phalguna


Stars :

1. Ashwini 2. Bharani 3. Krutika 4. Rohini 5. Mruga 6. Ardra 7. Punarvasu 8. Pushya 9. Aslesha
10. Magha 11. Poorva 12. Uttara 13. Hastha 14. Chitra 15. Swati 16. Vishakha 17. Anuradha 18. Moola
19. Jyeshta 20. Poorvashadha 21. Uttarashadha 22. Shravana 23. Dhanishta 24. Satabhisha 25. Poorvabhadra 26. Uttarabhadra 27. Revati


Kaliyug:

Kaliyug started on Pramadi Chaitra Bright 1st day, Friday (BC 3102-2-20) at 2-27-30 P.M.


MAHABHARAT EVENTS

Mahabharat events preceded the Kaliyug:

All this data has been gathered from the Great Sanskrit Epic Mahabharat and commentaries on it by various authors.


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