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Mathematics

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We list here some of the achievements of Hindus in the field of mathematics.
  • Pythagorean Theorem principle discovered (Baudhayana, Baudhayana Sulba Sutra, 600 BC, 1000 years before Pythagoras)
  • Decimal System (references dating back to 100 BC)
  • Prefexes for raising 10 to powers as high as 53 (references dating back to 100 BC)
  • Time taken by the earth to orbit the sun calculated as 365.258756484 days (Bhaskaracharya, Surya Siddhanta 400-500 AD)
  • Law of Gravity (Bhaskaracharya, Surya Siddhanta 400-500 AD)
  • Calculation of Value of pi as a ratio of 62832/2000 (Aryabhatta, 497 AD)
  • Earth’s rotation about its axis, orbits around the Sun and is suspended in space (Aryabhatta, Aryabhateeyam, 500 AD)
  • Discovery of Zero (mentioned in Pangala, Chandra Sutra 200 AD)

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