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Classification of Hindu Scriptures

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Hindu religious literature, the most ancient writings in the world, is of two types: primary scriptures (Sruti) and secondary scriptures (Smriti). The Sruti scriptures are of divine origin, whose truths were directly revealed to ancient rishis (sages) in their deep meditations. The Smriti scriptures are of human origin and were written to explain the Sruti writings and make them understandable and meaningful to the general population. Sruti scriptures include the four Vedas (Rig, Yajur, Săma and Atharva) and the Bhagavad Gîtă, and constitute the highest religious authority in Hindu religion. Smriti scriptures include five distinct groups of writings :

  • Itihăsas (History or Epics)
  • Purănas (Mythology)
  • Dharma Shăstras Law Codes
  • Ăgamas & Tantras Sectarian Scriptures.
  • Darshanas Manuals of Philosophy

 
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