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ARTICLE : Shankara's V.S. Bhaashhya -- 27, 114, 57

Posted By Sankar Jayanarayanan (kartik@Eng.Auburn.EDU)
Sat, 25 Jan 1997 21:29:33 -0600

These are extracts from Shankara's commentary on the Vishnu Sahasranama,
translated by Swami Tapasyananda:

name 114, rudraH:

One who makes all beings cry at the time of cosmic dissolution. Or one who
gives "rud" or speech. Or one who drives away "ru" or sorrows.

Shiva Purana (6.9-14) says:..." `ru' means sorrows. As the Lord removes all
sorrows and their causes, Shiva, the ultimate cause, is called Rudra."

(Shankara does quote from the Shiva Purana -- assuming that the Vishnu
Sahasranama Bhashya is correctly attributed to him -- contrary to a
posting I read in SRH sometime ago insisting that he quoted from no purana
excepting the Vishnu Purana.)

name 27, shivaH:

Pure one. For he is not affected by the three Gunas of Prakriti -- Sattva,
Rajas and Tamas.

The Kaivalya Upanishad (1.8) says: "sa brahmaa sa shivaH -- He is both Brahma
and Shiva."

In the light of this statement of non-difference between Shiva and Vishnu,
it is Vishnu himself that is exalted by praise and worship of Shiva.

(There was a discussion in SRH as to whether "sa hariH" follows
in the above quote after "sa brahmaa sa shivaH." Perhaps someone who has
access to the sanskrit original of the commentary by Shankara can help.)

name 57, kR^ishhNaH :

The existence-knowledge-bliss. Says Mahabharata, Udyoga Parva (70.5) ...
"The syllable "kR^i" denotes existence. The syllable "Na" denotes bliss.
Vishnu is both these. So He is always Krishna."


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