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Re: ARTICLE : Shankara's V.S. Bhaashhya -- 27, 114, 57

Posted By Ramakrishnan Balasubramanian (rbalasub@ecn.purdue.edu)
Tue, 28 Jan 1997 21:19:35 -0500

Sankar Jayanarayanan wrote:

> These are extracts from Shankara's commentary on the Vishnu Sahasranama,
> translated by Swami Tapasyananda:

[ ... ]

> (Shankara does quote from the Shiva Purana -- assuming that the Vishnu
> Sahasranama Bhashya is correctly attributed to him -- contrary to a
> posting I read in SRH sometime ago insisting that he quoted from no purana
> excepting the Vishnu Purana.)

Thanks for the info. Is it a one to one translation or has the Swamiji
added his own comments also?

> name 27, shivaH:
> Pure one. For he is not affected by the three Gunas of Prakriti -- Sattva,
> Rajas and Tamas.
> The Kaivalya Upanishad (1.8) says: "sa brahmaa sa shivaH -- He is both Brahma
> and Shiva."
> In the light of this statement of non-difference between Shiva and Vishnu,
> it is Vishnu himself that is exalted by praise and worship of Shiva.
> (There was a discussion in SRH as to whether "sa hariH" follows
> in the above quote after "sa brahmaa sa shivaH." Perhaps someone who has
> access to the sanskrit original of the commentary by Shankara can help.)

The kaivalya upanishhad verse is:

sa brahmA sa shivaH sendraH so.axaraH paramasvarAT.h |
sa eva vishhNuH sa prAnaH sa kalo.agniH sa chandramAH |

The verse is different from that of the nArAyaNa sUktam which was being
discussed. In any case as I mentioned that time, the verse with "hariH"
also occurs in the narasimha pUrva tApanIya, on which there is a
commentary by sha.nkara and also a dIpikA by vidyAraNya.

Of course as you might notice the kaivalya U verse has "vishhNu" in it.
The supreme being is also described as "umAsahAyam", "nIlakaNTha" etc.

umAsahAyam parameshvaraM prabhuM trilochanaM nIlakaNTham prashAntaM |
dhyAtvA munirgachhati bhUta yoniM samasta sAxiM tamasaH parastaat.h ||

[ verses quoted from memory, might have small errors ]



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