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Hindu Universe > Scriptures > Upanishads > Maitri Upanishad

Maitri Upanishad

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The Maitri or Maitrayaniya Upanishad, belongs to the Maitrayaniya sakha or branch of the Black Yajur Veda. (1) Maitri is the principal teacher and Maitrayana is the name of the shakha to which the Upanishad belongs. It contains seven chapters of which the last two are comparatively modern. The whole Upanishad is later in date than the classical Upanishads which it quotes frequently. (2)

We have a reference to the trimurti conception Brahma, Vishnu and Siva in IV. 5, which also indicates the late date of the Upanishad. The three forms are traced to the three gunas, rajas, sattva and tamas in V. 2. Suggestions of the illusionary character of the world, momentariness of phenomenon show the influence of Buddhist thought. Ramatirtha's commentary on the Upanishad is of much interest.


  1. In some texts it is assigned to the Sama Veda
  2. From the grammatical peculiarities it is found in this Upanishad Max Muller ascribes the Upanishad 'to an early rather than late period.' Sacred Books of the East, Vol. XV (1900), p.6

Source S. Radhakrishnan : The Principal Upanishads

 
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